A Free Template from Joomlashack

A Free Template from Joomlashack

แบบสำรวจ

ท่านกำลังใช้ระบบปฏิบัติการ (OS) อะไรอยู่ ?
 

Search

ผู้เข้าเว็บขณะนี้

เรามี 34 บุคคลทั่วไป ออนไลน์
Petra: Lost City of Stone PDF พิมพ์ อีเมล
เขียนโดย Administrator   
วันศุกร์ที่ 26 กุมภาพันธ์ 2016 เวลา 08:33 น.

The Treasury Petra Jordan

The Treasury Petra Jordan

 
 
 
 






 

 

 

          More than 2,000 years ago, the thriving city of Petra rose up in the bone-dry desert of what is now Jordan. An oasis of culture and abundance, the city was built by wealthy merchants whose camel caravans transported incense and spices from the Persian Gulf. They carved spectacular temple-tombs into its soaring cliffs, raised a monumental Great Temple at its heart, and devised an ingenious system that channeled water to vineyards, bathhouses, fountains, and pools. But following a catastrophic earthquake and a slump in its desert trade routes, Petra's unique culture faded and was lost to most of the world for nearly a thousand years. Now, in a daring experiment, an archaeologist and sculptors team up to carve an iconic temple-tomb to find out how the ancient people of Petra built their city of stone. Meanwhile, scientists using remote sensors and hydraulic flumes uncover the vast city and its sophisticated water system. The race is on to discover how these nomads created this oasis of culture in one of the harshest climates on Earth.

 

 

Jordan Ma'an Region Petra Temple Of Ed Deir 

Jordan Ma'an Region Petra Temple Of Ed Deir

 

 

 

 

Petra Gorge Monastery, Jordan 

Petra Gorge Monastery, Jordan

 



 Sacred Site -  Petra, Jordan

 

 

Nabataean temple of Al-Deir, ruins of Petra, Jordan 

Nabataean temple of Al-Deir, ruins of Petra, Jordan

 

 
 
Situated in present-day Jordan and hidden amidst nearly impenetrable mountains to the east of the valley connecting the Gulf of Aqaba and the Dead Sea, stands the ancient city of Petra. One of the world’s most visually stunning archaeological sites, Petra (meaning ‘the rock’ in Greek) is an abandoned necropolis of temples and tombs cut into towering cliffs of red, pink and orange sandstone.
 
 
 
 
Primarily known as a commercial and ceremonial center of the Nabataean culture during the centuries before and after the time of Christ, the region of Petra was inhabited in far greater antiquity. Archaeological excavations have revealed a rock shelter of the Upper Paleolithic period, dating to around 10,000 BC, and a Neolithic village from the 7th millennium BC. While evidence of habitation during the Chalcolithic and Bronze ages has not yet been found, the region of Petra was again occupied in the early Iron Age, around 1200 BC, by the Edomite culture of the Old Testament (Edom, meaning red, is the Biblical name for this region of the Middle East).
 
 
 
 
During the 6th –4th centuries BC, the Nabataeans, a nomadic tribe from the northwestern part of Arabia, entered and gradually took over the lands controlled by the Edomites. The first historical mention of the Nabataeans is in a list of the enemies of the King of Assyria in 647 BC, during which time Petra was still occupied by the Edomites. There are several reasons, religious and economic, suggested for the Nabataeans selection of Petra as their capital. The city of Petra is situated at the beginning of Wadi Musa, meaning the Valley of Moses, and this site had long been venerated as one of the traditional sites where Moses struck the ground and the water gushed forth. The region was also revered by the Nabataeans as the sacred precinct of their god Dushara.
 

 

 

 

Detail of El Deir, Nabataean temple

Detail of El Deir, Nabataean temple

 

 

Petra’s prominence also derives from its proximity to ancient caravan routes, its easily defended location, stable water resources and proximity to rich agricultural and grazing lands. The Nabataean capital was strategically situated only twenty kilometers from the crossroads of two vital trade routes; one linking the Persian Gulf (and thereby the silks and spices of India and China) with the Mediterranean Sea (and the empires of the Greeks and Romans), the other connecting Syria with the Red Sea. In their early years, the Nabataeans probably only plundered these caravans but as they grew more powerful they seem to have levied tolls as a guarantee of safe conduct. By the third and second centuries BC, the city of Petra had developed into a rich and powerful center of the caravan trade. During the next four hundred years, their dominion spread as far north as Damascus and their capital city was beautified with splendid temples, tombs and many hundreds of freestanding residential and commercial buildings (the less substantial houses and stores have long since crumbled to sand). The earliest tombs and temples, dating from 300 BC, show Egyptian and Assyrian characteristics, and with the Greek and later Roman influences the Nabataeans developed their own distinctive architectural style. All these structures were laboriously cut into the soft sandstone rock that would have long ago crumbled if not for the fact that this region of Jordan receives very little rain.

 



In 106 AD, the entire Nabataean kingdom came under the control of the Roman Empire. During the ensuing centuries Petra continued to prosper as the Romans carved many buildings as well as a great theater capable of holding 3000 spectators. While the political and economic power was completely in the hands of the Romans, the Nabataeans continued to adhere to the practices of their own religion. With Emperor Constantine’s proclamation of Christianity as the religion of the Roman Empire in 324 AD, Petra and the lands of the Nabataeans came under the sway of the Byzantine Empire for the next three hundred years. An inscription in the so-called Urn Tomb indicates that the interior was converted to a Christian church in the fifth century, when there was a Bishopric of Petra.
 
 
 
 

The Christianization of the Roman Empire signaled the end of the golden era of Nabataean culture and the magnificent city of Petra. Decline slowly set in. With the establishment of the Umayyad Caliphate in Damascus in 661 the region of Petra fell under the control of Islam and the commercial importance of the city plummeted. A series of earthquakes in the 7th and 8th centuries destroyed many of the cities in the region, further weakening the agricultural and commercial infrastructure. Following the establishment of the Abbasid Caliphate in Baghdad in 750, the region of Petra was neglected and thereafter virtually disappears from the historical record. Abandoned to time and the elements, Petra was unknown to the outside world - with the single exception of an insignificant Crusader fortress built in the 12th century - until its ‘rediscovery’ in 1812.

 

 

Detail of El Deir, Nabataean temple 

Detail of El Deir, Nabataean temple

 

 

Studying the Middle East with the funding of an English explorers society, a young Swiss adventurer, Johann Burckhardt, was slowly making his way from Damascus to Cairo by a little known and dangerous land route. Fluent in Arabic and posing as a Muslim traveler, he heard tales from desert Bedouins of the extraordinary ruins of an ancient city hidden in the remote Sharra Mountains. No European had seen the fabled city, or lived to tell about it, and Burckhardt recognized that he would have to resort to deceit to gain entrance. A plan developed in his mind. He would hire local Bedouins as guides, telling them that he intended to sacrifice a goat at the shrine of Aaron (the brother of Moses), whose tomb he believed was in the vicinity of the ruined city. At the village of Elji (now called Wadi Musa), Burckhardt persuaded two Bedouin to escort him along the Valley of Moses and toward the shrine of Aaron. There is only one reasonably safe path leading to the shrine from Wadi Musa and, luckily for Burckhardt, it passed directly through the ruins of Petra. Winding his way along an extremely narrow gorge the explorer came unexpectedly upon the great rock temple of Khasneh. More than 30 meters high and carved entirely out of the face of the sheer cliff, the Khasneh has become the symbol of Petra and was immortalized in the Hollywood movie, Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. The Bedouin leading Burckhardt to the tomb of Aaron became increasingly suspicious of his intentions with the result that he neither reached the tomb nor was able to view the major shrine of the Nabataeans, known as Al Deir (he did, however, perform his mock sacrifice at the foot of Jebel Haroun).

 




Located in a remote gorge, northwest of the center of Petra, Al Deir is the largest and most visually stunning of all the structures in Petra. Carved entirely out of the red sandstone of a mountain wall, the temple is 50 meters wide by 45 meters tall and has an 8-meter tall entrance door. Inside the single empty chamber (12.5 by 10 meters), the walls are plain and unadorned except for a niche in the back wall with a block of stone representing the deity Dushara. The chief deities of the Nabataeans were Dushara, Al-Uzza and Allat. The name Dushara means ‘He of the Shara’, referring to the Sharra Mountains on the northern border of Petra. Like the Hebrew god, Jehovah, Dushara was symbolized by an obelisk or standing block of stone (and this indicates influences from archaic Sumerian, Egyptian and megalithic cultures) and his symbolic animal was the bull. The goddess Al-Uzza was symbolized by a lion and was the ‘peoples’ deity, where as Dushara was the god of the nobility and the official cult. The goddess Allat was associated with natural springs, of which there are several in the otherwise extremely arid lands of the Sharra Mountains.
 


An elaborate processional way leads to Al Deir from the center of Petra and the enormous flat courtyard in front of the temple, capable of accommodating thousands of people, suggests that the temple was the site of large-scale ceremonies. There are traces of a stone ring in the courtyard but no other indications of the type of worship that was practiced by the Nabataeans. While the exact age of the temple is unknown, on stylistic grounds scholars date it to the mid-1st century AD. The Al Deir is sometimes called ‘The Monastery’ because of a belief that it served as a church during Byzantine times. A few small crosses carved on the interior walls show that the Christians used the temple for some purpose.

 

 

 

Detail of El Deir, Nabataean temple 

Detail of El Deir, Nabataean temple

 

 

According to certain traditions it was in the region of Petra that Miriam, the sister of Moses, died and was buried. Her mountaintop shrine was still shown to pilgrims at the time of St. Jerome in the 4th century AD but its location has not been identified since. Some scholars have suggested that the temple of Al Deir may be the site of her grave but this was certainly not the original or the primary use of the temple.


The splendid ruins of Petra, which were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985, have for some years been faced with a worrying threat; salt blown in from the Dead Sea is encrusting the relatively delicate sandstone and slowly weakening the buildings.


Other important sacred places in Petra include Al-Madbah, The High Place of Sacrifice, on the summit of Jabal Madbah; a cult site devoted to the spirit of water on the mountain of Umm al-Biyara; the mountain of el-Barra where stands Aaron’s tomb; and, at the entrance of Petra, three massive Jinn (spirit) stones sacred to the local tribes. Fifty miles north of Petra, on the peak of Jebel Tannur, stands the important Nabataean shrine of Khirbet Tannur.

 

 



 

 

แก้ไขล่าสุด ( วันอังคารที่ 20 กันยายน 2016 เวลา 06:43 น. )
 

คอมเมนต์คอมเมนต์  

 
0 #626 Teddy 2018-10-20 13:09
Wow, that's what I was looking for, what a stuff!
existing here at this web site, thanks admin of this website.


Here is my web page; rieker sandals 2016: http://milozriz48159.blogminds.com/wear-arts-and-crafts-shoes-to-be-be-yourself-6515658
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #625 Lorena 2018-10-20 12:01
Asking questions are actually nice thing if you are not
understanding something entirely, but this article offers good understanding yet.


Here is my web-site; Excelsior Milano Golden Goose Francy Donna: https://outletdefemenina636506573.wordpress.com/?p=9
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #624 Stanton 2018-10-20 09:51
Good day! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.

Is it tough to set up your own blog? I'm not very
techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
I'm thinking about setting up my own but I'm not sure where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?
Cheers

Have a look at my homepage: business around: http://sonohoko1973.blogginger.com/?p=8
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #623 Dewey 2018-10-20 08:12
Hi there just wanted to give you a quick heads up and let you
know a few of the images aren't loading correctly. I'm not sure why but I think its a linking issue.

I've tried it in two different web browsers and both show the same results.


Here is my homepage - Golden Goose Homem Outlet: http://tryit.lesarbresdesign.info/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=11
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #622 Mac 2018-10-20 07:27
Hi there! I could have sworn I've been to this blog before but
after going through a few of the articles I realized it's new to me.

Anyhow, I'm definitely delighted I found it and I'll be bookmarking it and checking back frequently!



My webpage: Outlet
Golden Goose Francy Donna Milano: https://saleforsale982148757.wordpress.com/?p=9
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #621 Ezequiel 2018-10-20 01:42
Working with a blank document to use helps making an outlet for
your opinions on future topics or content.
Just be certain that the people that you interview pertain for the market of your
blog.

Feel free to surf to my weblog :: boston website
design: https://cristinatorressegovia.wordpress.com/2018/10/11/might-our-internet-designer-promote-people-a-crap-style/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #620 Cooper 2018-10-19 23:28
Hi, Ido believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon iit ;)
I may revisit yet again since i have book-marked it.
Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you bbe rich and continue to guide
other people.

my website 918Kiss
Network Failed: http://dragonstorm-ger.de/index.php?topic=662770.0
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #619 Ophelia 2018-10-19 15:58
I couldn't refrain from commenting. Exceptionally well written!

my website: bingobet88.info: https://www.bingobet88.info/how-to-deposit.htm
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #618 Miranda 2018-10-19 13:47
The audience wants for informed, entertained, or excited.
And, if your speech did have that sort of impact, chances have you already precisely how
to sooth. Keep it concise, keep it short, and keep the audience.


Here is my web-site; mega888 apk: https://scr888.group/other-games-download/2498-download-mega888
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #617 Loyd 2018-10-19 08:52
In such pools, there will be at least 10 players every member will
buy 10 more entry pass. Each casino site will even do read more specifics and step by step informative data
on that.

Feel free to surf to my website scr 888: https://www.lionking96.net/contact-us
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #616 Stefan 2018-10-19 02:49
You can practice as long as consideration until you're confident enough to start playing legitimate.
Try getting away with that in Vegas or Atlantic City, or anywhere as
well. The bet on craps simple to recognise.


Have a look at my blog; download
casino x: http://clink.nifty.com/r/search/srch_other_f0/?http://edwardmarsh.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=scr888.group%2Fother-games-download%2F2500-download-live22
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #615 Alysa 2018-10-19 01:52
At first glance they may be impossible to reach the dizzy heights of physical exercise search on Google.

Many web owners will pay a guest blogger to write content in their sites.


Also visit my web-site :: live roulette win: http://best1133freebonuscasino.com/online-casino-gaming-online-poker-pundit-part-sequel/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #614 Dannie 2018-10-19 01:39
It's amazing designed for me to have a web page, which is good designed for my know-how.
thanks admin

My web page moto m sim slot image: http://www.botanicalwonders.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=918.network%2Fdownloads%2F84-lpe88
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #613 Charity 2018-10-19 01:07
It's remarkable to pay a quick visit this site and reading the views of all friends regarding
this post, while I am also zealous of getting experience.


Here is my site ... ocean king emulator: http://www.slcourts.com/__media__/js/netsoltrademark.php?d=Scr888.group%2Flive-casino-games%2F2486-joker123
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #612 Janessa 2018-10-18 22:13
Good day I am so happy I found your web site, I really found you by
error, while I was looking on Askjeeve for something else,
Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say
many thanks for a fantastic post and a all round thrilling blog (I also love the
theme/design), I don't have time to look over it all at the minute but I have bookmarked
it and also included your RSS feeds, so when I have time I
will be back to read much more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.



Also visit my web-site Rieker Sandals outlet store: http://dmabna.ir/?p=2348
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #611 Jess 2018-10-18 20:59
Link exchange is nothing else except it is
just placing the other person's weblog link on your page at
appropriate place and other person will also do same for you.


Also visit my page - business book
review: http://tanagota1989.blogginger.com/?p=8
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #610 Angelika 2018-10-18 19:06
Really no matter if someone doesn't understand then its up to
other users that they will assist, so here it occurs.


my web blog - rieker outlet store: http://www.flyfaxitalia.com/?p=167
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #609 Shasta 2018-10-18 17:33
Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad
and tested to see if it can survive a twenty five foot drop, just so
she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views.
I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!


My website ... saucony running shoes: http://zurutoko1975.blogginger.com/?p=8
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #608 Casey 2018-10-18 16:34
Can I just say what a comfort to discover someone that genuinely understands what they're talking
about on the web. You certainly realize how to bring a problem to light
and make it important. More people must read this and understand this side of the
story. I can't believe you aren't more popular because you
certainly have the gift.

my web page; outlet Rieker
Men's shoes: http://altarates.com/?p=3816
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #607 Wilmer 2018-10-18 15:12
What's up, its good post about media print, we all
be aware of media is a great source of data.

My web site - rieker online: http://taisato1984.blogginger.com/?p=8
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #606 Chelsey 2018-10-18 13:46
Hello there, You've done an incredible job.

I'll certainly digg it and personally recommend to my
friends. I'm sure they'll be benefited from this site.


Look into my blog :: rieker outlet store: http://manusilva.000webhostapp.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=235
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #605 Octavio 2018-10-18 12:25
I think the admin of this web site is in fact working hard for his web
site, as here every information is quality based stuff.

Here is my weblog; Rieker Women's Shoes sale: http://tysonmanb36925.acidblog.net/9279845/why-footwear-are-mandatory-for-correct-shoe-fitted
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #604 Florida 2018-10-18 11:06
I do not know whether it's just me or if everybody else encountering issues with your website.
It appears as though some of the text in your posts are running off the screen.
Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
This might be a problem with my internet browser because I've had this happen previously.
Thank you

My page - Golden Goose Sneakers Homem Outlet: http://25.renowebsite.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=37
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #603 Sanora 2018-10-18 08:16
I am in fact pleased to glance at this website posts which
consists of lots of useful facts, thanks for providing such data.


my weblog - Outlet Golden Goose
Superstar Donna Milano: http://biranko1971.blogginger.com/?p=3
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #602 Holley 2018-10-18 08:12
I feel this is among the such a lot important info for me.
And i'm glad studying your article. However wanna remark on some common things, The
site taste is perfect, the articles is in point of
fact great : D. Excellent process, cheers

Here is my web-site: Golden Goose Outlet: http://anbase1983.blogginger.com/?p=4
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #601 Roberta 2018-10-17 22:59
Hi i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anywhere,
when i read this post i thought i could also make comment
due to this good article.

Feel free to visit my blog post outlet
Rieker Men's shoes: http://adotepets.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=131
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #600 Fern 2018-10-17 22:55
These are genuinely great ideas in about blogging.
You have touched some fastidious things here. Any way keep up wrinting.


My page Excelsior Milano Golden Goose 2.12 Uomo: http://www.legatoria2c.it/?p=461
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #599 Samual 2018-10-17 19:39
Your style is unique in comparison to other
folks I have read stuff from. Thanks for posting when you've got the opportunity, Guess I will just bookmark this blog.


Also visit my page ... red high heels: http://riguriga1976.blogginger.com/?p=8
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #598 Paula 2018-10-17 18:37
Of course, it is obvious that lying is not optional in Squidoo.
Blog Marketing Tip #2: Keep the Blogger's Audience in Mind.
Content is valuable to an institution. Ebooks cannot replace such goes thru.


my blog post 3win8 slot: http://Www.ezyget.com/index.html
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #597 Zara 2018-10-17 17:18
Eventually you will come out ahead from the system, only if you might be a
professional. There instantly risks related where to go to bet on sports: http://Www.E-Tsudoi.com/redirect.php?url=https://www.ezyget.com%2Findex.html/
any online gambling malaysia site that is part of this
addiction.
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #596 Keith 2018-10-17 14:29
Post writing is also a excitement, if you know
after that you can write otherwise it is complex to write.


Here is my blog; ntc33 kiosk: http://Bestfh.net/comment/html/?67579.html
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #595 Elinor 2018-10-17 07:42
Very good info. Lucky me I discovered your site by chance (stumbleupon).
I've saved as a favorite for later!

my web blog mega888 casino: https://918.network/downloads/83-mega888
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #594 Edna 2018-10-17 05:35
Good way of explaining, and fastidious article to obtain data concerning my presentation subject matter, which i am going to
convey in university.

Here is my webpage: rieker outlet store: http://alborzpelak.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=140
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #593 Terra 2018-10-16 23:50
It is not my first time to pay a quick visit this site,
i am browsing this website dailly and take nice facts from here daily.



Here is my website :: Outlet
Golden Goose Slide Uomo Milano: http://www.nao.go.tz/?p=2000
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #592 Magda 2018-10-16 23:35
Right here is the perfect blog for everyone who wishes
to understand this topic. You know a whole lot
its almost tough to argue with you (not that I personally will need to…HaHa).
You definitely put a fresh spin on a subject
that has been discussed for decades. Great stuff, just excellent!


My blog :: Excelsior Milano Golden Goose Francy
Donna: http://boominfo.net/?p=912
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #591 Ashlee 2018-10-16 23:04
I know this if off topic but I'm looking into starting my
own weblog and was wondering what all is needed to get setup?
I'm assuming having a blog like yours would cost a pretty penny?
I'm not very web smart so I'm not 100% sure. Any recommendations or
advice would be greatly appreciated. Cheers

My homepage: wholesale Rieker
Women's Shoes: http://tapasinfo.com/?p=370
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #590 Kaylene 2018-10-16 20:56
Very good article. I absolutely love this website. Keep writing!


my page; Rieker Men's shoes: http://dantethvi69258.blog5.net/17543430/why-clothes-are-worthwhile-for-flawless-shoe-getting
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #589 Roger 2018-10-16 17:34
It may not get as much traffic being a live link would, however better than no
link at just about all. This would make lime green paint probably not the best topic for my
net. Maybe there is a you forgot to bring?

Feel free to surf to my site :: m.2 wifi module slot
(key e): https://Freebettingtips.club/3-popular-games-casinos/6279/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #588 Velva 2018-10-16 17:16
Link exchange is nothing else except it is
simply placing the other person's web site link on your page at suitable place and other person will also do similar
in support of you.

Feel free to surf to my website ... shoe
store: http://taisato1984.blogginger.com/?p=8
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #587 Wendell 2018-10-16 16:15
Howdy would you mind letting me know which web host you're utilizing?
I've loaded your blog in 3 completely different browsers and I must
say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you recommend a
good web hosting provider at a fair price? Many thanks, I
appreciate it!

Also visit my homepage - Outlet Golden Goose Mid Star
Uomo Milano: http://dakukan1982.blogginger.com/?p=3
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #586 Katia 2018-10-16 12:52
Simply want to say your article is as amazing.
The clarity in your post is simply nice and i could assume you are an expert on this subject.
Fine with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post.
Thanks a million and please carry on the rewarding work.


Also visit my website cheap
Rieker Sandals: http://www.keqonline.com/?p=1015
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #585 Emilio 2018-10-16 10:13
Thanks for a marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you're a great author.I will
always bookmark your blog and may come back from
now on. I want to encourage you continue your great writing, have a nice holiday weekend!


My page :: Excelsior Milano Golden Goose Francy Uomo: http://www.xn--apion-qta.com/?p=2514
อ้างอิง
 

เพิ่มคอมเมนต์ใหม่

 


Joomla 1.5 Templates by Joomlashack