A Free Template from Joomlashack

A Free Template from Joomlashack

แบบสำรวจ

ท่านกำลังใช้ระบบปฏิบัติการ (OS) อะไรอยู่ ?
 

Search

ผู้เข้าเว็บขณะนี้

เรามี 34 บุคคลทั่วไป ออนไลน์
The Amazing Volcanoes of Indonesia PDF พิมพ์ อีเมล
เขียนโดย Administrator   
วันเสาร์ที่ 25 กรกฏาคม 2015 เวลา 03:25 น.

The Mystery of Javas Volcanoes : Indonesia





The Mystery of Javas Volcanoes : Indonesia
 
 
 
          The island of Java in Indonesia lies above four tectonic plates: the Eurasian, Pacific, Australian, and Philippine Sea plates. This mighty convergence gives rise to one of the most volcanically active places on earth. When the volcanic island of Krakatau last erupted in the late 19th century, it sent shockwaves seven and a half times around the earth. Marvel at glorious footage close to the mouth of this mighty volcano and witness Ijen volcano emit an unearthly blue flame in the dark night as its magma rises close to the earth's surface. Here, the mysteries of this Land of Fire Mountains are revealed.




 

 

 

 

          Mount Batur (Gunung Batur) is an active volcano located at the center of two concentric calderas north west of Mount Agung, Bali, Indonesia. The south east side of the larger 10×13 km caldera contains a caldera lake. The inner 7.5-kilometer-wide caldera, which was formed during emplacement of the Bali (or Ubud) ignimbrite, has been dated at about 23,670 and 28,500 years ago.

 

 

 

          The southeast wall of the inner caldera lies beneath Lake Batur; Batur cone has been constructed within the inner caldera to a height above the outer caldera rim. The Batur stratovolcano has produced vents over much of the inner caldera, but a NE-SW fissure system has localized the Batur I, II, and III craters along the summit ridge. Historical eruptions have been characterized by mild-to-moderate explosive activity sometimes accompanied by lava emission. Basaltic lava flows from both summit and flank vents have reached the caldera floor and the shores of Lake Batur in historical time. The caldera contains an active, 700-metre-tall stratovolcano rising above the surface of Lake Batur. The first historically documented eruption of Batur was in 1804, and it has been frequently active since then. The substantial lava field from the 1968 eruption is visible today when viewed from Kintamani, a town that stradles the southwest ridge of the greater caldera.

 

 

Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia.

Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia.

 

 




Mount Batur, Bali, Indonesia  and Mount Merapi, Yogyakarta City, Indonesia

 


          Mount Merapi, Gunung Merapi (literally Fire Mountain in Indonesian/Javanese), is an active stratovolcano located on the border between Central Java and Yogyakarta, Indonesia. It is the most active volcano in Indonesia and has erupted regularly since 1548. It is located approximately 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of the large Yogyakarta city, and thousands of people live on the flanks of the volcano, with villages as high as 1,700 metres (5,600 ft) above sea level.

 

 

          Smoke can be seen emerging from the mountaintop at least 300 days a year, and several eruptions have caused fatalities. Pyroclastic flow from a large explosion killed 27 people on 22 November 1994, mostly in the town of Muntilan, west of the volcano. Another large eruption occurred in 2006, shortly before the Yogyakarta earthquake. In light of the hazards that Merapi poses to populated areas, it has been designated as one of the Decade Volcanoes.

 

 

Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia.

Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia.

 

 

 

 

Mount Bromo at Night

Mount Bromo at Night

 

 

 

 

Satellite image of Gunung Bromo, Indonesia

Satellite image of Gunung Bromo, Indonesia 

 

 

 

 


Mount Bromo seen from viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan

 

 

 

 

Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru and Mount Batok  Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia.

 

          Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. At 2,329 metres (7,641 ft) it is not the highest peak of the massif, but is the most well known. The massif area is one of the most visited tourist attractions in East Java, Indonesia. The volcano belongs to the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park. The name of Bromo derived from Javanese pronunciation of Brahma, the Hindu creator god.

 

 

 

 

Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru and Mount Batok  Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. 

 

          Mount Bromo sits in the middle of a vast plain called the "Sea of Sand" (Javanese: Segara Wedi or Indonesian: Lautan Pasir), a protected nature reserve since 1919. The typical way to visit Mount Bromo is from the nearby mountain village of Cemoro Lawang. From there it is possible to walk to the volcano in about 45 minutes, but it is also possible to take an organised jeep tour, which includes a stop at the viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan (2,770 m or 9,088 ft) (Indonesian: Gunung Penanjakan). The viewpoint on Mount Penanjakan can also be reached on foot in about two hours. From inside the caldera, sulfur is collected by workers.

 

 

 

 

Mount Bromo, Mount Semeru and Mount Batok  Mount Bromo (Indonesian: Gunung Bromo), is an active volcano and part of the Tengger massif, in East Java, Indonesia. 

 

          Depending on the degree of volcanic activity, the Indonesian Centre for Volcanology and Disaster Hazard Mitigation sometimes issues warnings against visiting Mount Bromo.

 

 

 

 

 

The Toruists at Mount Bromo 

The Toruists at Mount Bromo

 

 

 

 

 

Mount Bromo at Night

Mount Bromo at Night

 

 

 

 

 

The Crater of Mount Bromo, Surabaya, Indonesia

The Crater of Mount Bromo, Surabaya, Indonesia


 

 


The Crater of Mount Bromo

 

 

The Crater of Mount Bromo, Surabaya, Indonesia
The Crater of Mount Bromo, Surabaya, Indonesia
 

 

 

 



Mount Bromo, Indonesian island of Java
On Java, locals climb volcanoes to offer live sacrifices in thanks for the peaks' help in precipitating rain and fertilising plants with ash.

 

 

 





Kawah Ijen volcano

 

 

 

 

 


 Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

 

 

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

  


          The Ijen volcano complex is a group of stratovolcanoes in the Banyuwangi Regency of East Java, Indonesia. It is inside a larger caldera Ijen, which is about 20 kilometers wide. The Gunung Merapi stratovolcano is the highest point of that complex. The name "Gunung Merapi" means "mountain of fire" in the Indonesian language (api being "fire"); Mount Merapi in central Java and Marapi in Sumatra have the same etymology.

 

 

          West of Gunung Merapi is the Ijen volcano, which has a one-kilometer-wide turquoise-colored acid crater lake. The lake is the site of a labor-intensive sulfur mining operation, in which sulfur-laden baskets are carried by hand from the crater floor. The work is paid well considering the cost of living in the area, but is very onerous.  Workers earn around Rp 50,000 - 75,000 ($5.50-$8.30) per day and once out of the crater, still need to carry their loads of sulfur chunks about three kilometers to the nearby Pultuding Valley to get paid.

 

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia  

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

 

 

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

Kawah Ijen volcano and crater lake, Java, Indonesia

 

 

Sulfur-laden baskets are carried by hand from the crater floor at Kawah Ijen volcano.

Sulfur-laden baskets are carried by hand from the crater floor at Kawah Ijen volcano.

 





Mining for sulfur inside a volcano
Think your work environment is bad?   Ivan Watson sees how miners in Indonesia deal with toxic fumes, low visibility and heavy loads as they work inside Mount Ijen.
Source: CNN




 

 Please see and download free wallpaper of Indonesia at

http://www.palungdham.com/gallery/main.php?g2_itemId=154068

 

 


 

แก้ไขล่าสุด ( วันพฤหัสบดีที่ 24 พฤศจิกายน 2016 เวลา 05:39 น. )
 

คอมเมนต์คอมเมนต์  

 
0 #14 Eden 2018-11-11 16:50
Shit Tannins are frequently drink and or physical aspects of
the same active and cut that are not put together as part
of a very worrying. Care packages college students viagra for woomen: http://leehanre.com/board_VLuS09/1820115 zombie strippers.
We od to show some having received approval whenever there are required patients
to show here.
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #13 Chau 2018-11-09 04:49
A passive studio for depression. Videók viagra generic: http://wiki.secondgalaxy.com/index.php?title=User_talk%3AEdmundoBatman free online
checking. It regrets a tremendous role of arteries in a gunshot that is
imperative, for, and.
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #12 Kristy 2018-11-04 12:55
I'll right away clutch your rss feed as I can't in finding
your email subscription link or e-newsletter
service. Do you've any? Kindly permit me understand
in order that I may just subscribe. Thanks.

Take a look at my web page ... no comprar
backlinks: http://www.jm-roth.de/GeniafwGeeaf
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #11 Ellis 2018-11-02 18:29
I am now not positive where you're getting your info, however
good topic. I needs to spend a while learning much more or working out
more. Thanks for excellent info I was searching
for this info for my mission.

Here is my web site website: http://Sevenaubills.com/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #10 Anita 2018-11-02 14:08
This is a very good tip particularly to those new to the blogosphere.

Short but very accurate information… Appreciate your sharing this one.

A must read article!

My blog :: More Info - Http://Digitbest.Top: http://digitbest.top,
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #9 Molly 2018-10-16 09:27
Wow that was strange. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn't show up.
Grrrr... well I'm not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say great blog!


Feel free to surf to my blog post; website: http://billvips.top/
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #8 Tim 2018-10-11 20:12
Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to mention that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
After all I'll be subscribing for your rss feed and I am hoping you write once more very soon!

Here is my page :: Click here; www.safecenter.site: http://www.safecenter.site/,
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #7 Alana 2018-10-09 02:07
Hi there I am so excited I found your web site, I really found you by accident, while I was
browsing on Aol for something else, Nonetheless I am here
now and would just like to say thank you for a incredible post and a all round
interesting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don't have time to go through it all at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also
added in your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to
read more, Please do keep up the fantastic work.

Look at my page; jual beli Laptop Bekas di surabaya: https://jualbeli-laptopbekassurabaya.com
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #6 Allan 2018-09-30 09:30
Thanks for sharing your thoughts about วันวิสาขบูชา.
Regards

Feel free to surf to my blog: mixotekno: https://mixotekno.com
อ้างอิง
 
 
0 #5 Ron 2018-09-24 13:26
Thanks , I have recently been searching for info about this subject for a while and yours is the best I've
came upon so far. But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive about the supply?



My web blog riser v008s: http://Mayprosek.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2622476
อ้างอิง
 

เพิ่มคอมเมนต์ใหม่

 


Joomla 1.5 Templates by Joomlashack